The Negative Effects of Tourism


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Tourism has a variety of negative effects.

Summer Lee

Tourism is bad. Nguyen Thu Hanh, director of the Scientific Union for Sustainable Tourism Development, said in an article, “The development of tourism and urban planning with many hotels with disordered architecture undermine heritage space, mangrove forests and the environment.” Furthermore, tourism harms a country’s environment and erases its culture.


Tourism can ruin a country’s environment and its resources. According to The World Counts, “Tourism puts enormous stress on local land use, and can lead to soil erosion, increased pollution, natural habitat loss, and more pressure on endangered species.” The World Counts also stated, “By 2030, a 25% increase in CO2-emissions from tourism compared to 2016 is expected.”

In Hawaii, the native wildlife have been wounded because of the tourism industry. Families are forced to move, and their water is being polluted. In Kaleo Patterson’s bookAll Is Not Well In ‘Paradise’, he says, “There have been occasions when Hawai’ian families and communities who have lived for generations in a valley or along a river are forced to leave because of a proposed golf course or hotel.”


According to Aware Impact, “To satisfy the needs of the tourists often the locals need to change their traditional style of life.” Because they need to adapt to the tourists’ cultures and traditions, cultures and traditions are lost. The article also states, “Slowly, the local restaurants start catering more to foreign tourists, cooking the “western” meals instead of local cuisine.” Since tourism makes money, restaurants need to adapt to western food. This adaption makes them sell less cultural food, slowly erasing elements of their culture.

Sometimes, tourists come to these vulnerable countries to have “fun.” Sex tourism is one way people are able to make livable wages. Increases in HIV and other STDs happen because of a lack of access to resources or education. This increase can affect both parties. According to one article, “One study estimated the percentage of HIV cases in the UK as a result of sex abroad to be at 15%.”


But why do countries depend on tourism? Because it helps their economy. According to Statistia Research Department, “The travel and tourism industry accounted for 3.3 percent of the total global GDP in 2019, showing a small rise over the previous year.” It creates more jobs and develops the infrastructures of different countries.


Although tourism helps a country’s economy, it does more harm than good in the long run. It ruins a country’s environment and erases parts of the country’s culture. Overall, tourism negatively impacts native people and turns countries into tourist destinations.